UNIT 1.1 OVERVIEW
Civil engineering and architectural history are unique because a great deal of historical evidence exists. Monuments, buildings, and evidence of such are located all over the world. Since shelter is a basic human need, building these types structures occur in all cultures, eras, and places.
These historical structures also challenge modern perceptions of the knowledge, tools, and skills that ancient engineers possessed. The accomplishments of ancient builders and engineers amaze modern thinkers with their scope, accuracy, size, etc. The Egyptian pyramids are not only large, but they are level. Each corner is aligned with polar coordinates. Erecting the rocks for Stonehenge would seemingly require large, modern equipment. Often these accomplishments seem so impossible that they lead to fanciful explanation such as alien involvement. Historical examples of amazing construction projects often lead to the realization that the ancients’ construction methods were not so different from modern methods and sometimes much more clever.
In this lesson students will learn about the history of civil engineering and architecture. They will begin to build a vocabulary around both, including the principles and elements of design and architectural styles.